iGluR

iGluR

The neurotransmitter glutamate activates the iGluR (ionotropic glutamate receptor), an ion channel that is ligand-gated. The central ion channel pore is formed by four large subunits of the integral membrane protein iGluR. All known glutamate receptor subunits, including the AMPA, kainate, NMDA, and  receptors, share a similar amino acid sequence.

The primary charge carriers during basal transmission are AMPA receptors, which allow an influx of sodium ions to depolarize the postsynaptic membrane. Magnesium ions block NMDA receptors, which only allow ion flux after a previous depolarization. They can now serve as coincidence detectors for synaptic plasticity because of this. NMDA receptors allow calcium to enter the body, which permanently changes how strongly synaptic transmission is carried out.
 

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