FABP

FABP

Members of the intracellular lipid-binding protein (iLBP) family, fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) transport intracellular hydrophobic ligands between cellular compartments like the peroxisomes, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and nucleus. FABPs are capable of binding long-chain (C16-C20) fatty acids, eicosanoids, bile salts, and peroxisome proliferators, demonstrating their broad specificity. FABPs exhibit strong evolutionary conservation and are found in a variety of species, including Caenorhabditis elegans, mouse, and humans as well as Drosophila melanogaster.
FABPs have a widespread expression in the body and are crucial to many physiological processes, including lipid metabolism, inflammation, and neuronal signaling. The endogenous cannabinoid arachidonoyl ethanolamide (AEA), as well as catabolism by the endoplasmic reticulum-localized enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), have been shown to be transported intracellularly by FABPs of the mammalian central and peripheral nervous systems.
There are 12 different FABP subtypes produced by most mammals, but humans can produce up to 10. These include liver-(L-FABP, FABP1), intestine-(I-FABP, FABP2), heart-(H-FABP, FABP3), adipocyte-(A-FABP, FABP4), epidermal-(E-FABP, FABP5), ileal-(Il-FABP, FABP6), brain-(B-FABP, FABP7), myelin-(M-FABP, FABP8), testis-(T-FABP, FABP9) and FABP12, and three of which are expressed in the brain, including FABP3, FABP5 and FABP7.

FABPs play a variety of distinct and well-defined roles in controlling the metabolism and behavior of the ligands they bind. They are significant therapeutic and drug development targets for a variety of metabolic diseases.

FABP related products

Structure Cat No. Product Name CAS No. Product Description
V3484 BMS-309403 300657-03-8 BMS-309403 is a novel, potent, selective and cell-permeable inhibitor of fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) with aKiof less than 2 nM.
V74007 BMS-309403 sodium 2802523-05-1
V74008 CooP 1192864-27-9
V74009 FABP-IN-2 1426533-99-4
V79372 FABP4-IN-2
V79373 FABP4-IN-3
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