The influenza virus is a member of the Orthomyxoviridae family of segmented, single-stranded, negatively charged RNA viruses. Three different influenza virus types—A, B, and C—are included in this group. While type B and C viruses only affect humans, type A viruses affect both domesticated and wild birds, horses, swine, other mammals, and humans.In the United States, seasonal epidemics of disease are brought on by human influenza A and B viruses almost every winter. An influenza pandemic can be brought on by the spread of a brand-new, radically different influenza virus. Infections with influenza type C are thought to only cause a mild respiratory illness and not epidemics. Each virus subtype has undergone mutation, resulting in a variety of strains with various levels of pathogenicity; some are pathogenic to one species but not to others, and some are pathogenic to several.
|Chebulinic Acid is a naturally occurringellagitannin isolated from T.
|KIN1148 isa small-molecule agonist of the IRF3 (RIG-I-like receptor) pathway and a novel adjuvant therapy of influenza vaccine that is able to enhance the efficacy of flu vaccine.
|Oseltamivir phosphate (GS-4104)
|Oseltamivir phosphate (GS 4104;Tamiflu) is a potent neuraminidase inhibitor and an approved antiviral drug that has been widely used for the treatment and prophylaxis of influenza A and B.