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    Tofacitinib (CP690550; tasocitinib)
    Tofacitinib (CP690550; tasocitinib)

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    InvivoChem Cat #: V0342
    CAS #: 477600-75-2 (free base)Purity ≥98%

    Description: Tofacitinib (also known as tasocitinib or CP-690550, sold under the brand Xeljanz), is a novel and potent inhibitor of JAK3 (Janus-Associated kinase) with potential anti-inflammatory activity. It inhibits JAK1, JAK2, and JAK3 with IC50s of 1.0 nM, 21.7 nM, and 6.5 nM, respectively, in cell-free assays. It is an FDA approved drug for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis, and ulcerative colitis. The inhibition is JAK3-specific with a selectivity of 1000-fold higher than other non-JAK family kinases. 

    References: J Med Chem. 2010 Dec 23;53(24):8468-84; Cancer Sci. 2008 Jun;99(6):1265-73; J Leukoc Biol. 2004 Dec;76(6):1248-55. 

    Related CAS: 2052885-67-1 (maleate); 540737-29-9 (citrate); 1092578-47-6 [(3S,4S)-Tofacitinib]; 1443435-54-8 (oxalate); 1092578-48-7 [(3S,4R)-Tofacitinib]; 1443435-50-4 (tartrate); 1092578-46-5 [(3R,4S)-Tofacitinib]; 1259404-17-5 (Tofacitinib racemate); 477600-75-2 (free base); 1803005-18-6 (HCl); 1803005-19-7 (HBr);  

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    Molecular Weight (MW)312.37
    FormulaC16H20N6O
    CAS No.477600-75-2 (free base)
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 62 mg/mL (198.5 mM)
    Water: <1 mg/mL
    Ethanol: <1 mg/mL
    Solubility (In vivo)30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol: 30 mg/mL
    Synonyms

    CP-690550; CP690550; CP 690550; Tasocitinib; Tofacitinib; Xeljanz (Trade name); Tofacitinib free base; 

    Chemical Name: 3-((3R,4R)-4-Methyl-3-(methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)piperidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile

    SMILES Code: N#CCC(N1C[[email protected]](N(C)C2=C3C(NC=C3)=NC=N2)[[email protected]](C)CC1)=O 

    Exact Mass: 312.16986 


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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: Tofacitinib (also known as tasocitinib or CP-690550, sold under the brand Xeljanz), is a novel and potent inhibitor of JAK3 (Janus-Associated kinase) with IC50 of 1 nM in cell-free assays. It is an FDA approved drug for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ulcerative colitis. The inhibition is JAK3 specific with a selectivity 1000-fold more than other non-JAK family kinases. Besides inhibiting JAK3 (with IC50 of 1 nM), tofacitinib also inhibits JAK2 and JAK1 with 20- and 100-fold less in potency respectively. However, in a recent study, the binding affinities (Ki) of tofacitinib towards JAK1, JAK2, and JAK3 were reported to be 1.6 nM, 21.7 nM, and 6.5 nM respectively. CP-690550 is a specific, orally inhibitor of JAK3, it is 20- to 100-fold less potent for JAK2 and JAK1 with IC50 of 20 nM and 112 nM, respectively. CP-690550 doesn't have potent activity against 30 other kinases (all median IC50 > 3000 nM). CP-690,550 inhibits IL-2–induced proliferation with 30-fold greater potency than its effects on GM-CSF–induced proliferation. CP-690550 effectively inhibits a murine mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) (IC50 = 91 nM). CP-690550 potently inhibits IL-4 induced upregulation of CD23 (IC50=57 nM) and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHCII) expression (IC50=71 nM) on murine B cells. A recent research indicates low dose of CP-690550 accelerates the onset of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by potentiating Th17 differentiation


    Kinase Assay: A fragment encoding the catalytic domain of human JAK3 (785aa to 1125aa, JH1 catalytic domain) is amplified by PCR from the full length cDNA and cloned into the EcoRI site of the baculovirus transfer vector pVL1393. Recombinant baculovirus is used to infect Sf9 (Spodoptera frugipedra) cells and recombinant GSTJAK3 fusion protein is isolated on glutathione sepharose. The fusion protein is eluted with reduced glutathione and stored in buffer containing 50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 10 mM DTT and 10% glycerol. JAK3 kinase activity is measured by ELISA as follows: Plates are coated overnight with a random L-glutamic acid and tyrosine co-polymer (4:1) (100 ug/mL). The plates are washed and recombinant JAK3 JH1:GST (100 ng/well) with or without inhibitors is incubated at room temperature for 30 minutes, after which HRP-conjugated PY20 anti-phosphotyrosine antibody (ICN) is added and developed by TMB (3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine). Other kinases (Table 1) are produced in E. coli or in insect cells, depending upon what is found to be optimal for the given kinase. The catalytic activity of tyrosine kinases is easured using the aftorementioned ELISA, whereas serine/threonine kinases are assayed using radioactive enzyme assays.


    Cell Assay: To measure IL-2-dependent proliferation, isolated lymphocytes are resuspended to a cell density of 1-2 × 106/mL in complete RPMI medium (RPMI 1640 containing 10% (w/v) fetal calf serum (FCS), 1%(w/v) penicillin and treptomycin).Phytohemagluttinin (PHA) is added to a final concentration of 10mg/mL, and the culture incubated for 3 days at 37 °C in a humidified 5% (v/v) CO2 incubator to upregulate IL-2R and JAK3 expression. IL-2 (200U/mL), with or without CP-690,550 is then added and the cells are incubated for 72 hours at 37 °C in a humidified 5% (v/v) CO2 incubator, after which 50 mL of 3H-thymidine (5mCi/mL) is added. The plates are incubated for an additional 18 hours, harvested with a 96-well harvester, and counted on a scintillation counter. HUO3 cells are maintained in culture with granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and human foreskin fibroblasts are maintained in culture with 10% fetal calf serum. CP-690550 is added to freshly plated cells and cultured for 4 days. 3Hthymidine is added during the last 18 hours of the culture period.

    In VivoIn a murine model of heterotopic heart transplantation (DBA2 donor heart into C57/BL6 host), CP-690550 results in a dose-dependent increase in survival of transplanted hearts.The EC50 (drug concentration in blood at which 50% of mice will maintain their graft for >28 days) to be ~60 ng/mL.CP-690550 prevents rejection of allogeneic kidneys in nonhuman primate (NHPs, macaca fascicularis) (MST of 62 and 83 days for the 50 to 100 ng/ml groups and 200 to 400 ng/ml groups, respectively). Mice chronically dosed with CP-690550 (1.5-15 mg/kg/day) demonstrates dose and time-dependent alterations in lymphocyte subsets when examined by flow cytometry. The most dramatic change observed is a 96% reduction in splenic NK1.1+TCRb-cell numbers following 21 days of treatment. Delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses in sensitized mice are reduced in a dose-dependent manner following treatment with CP-690550 (1.87–30 mg/kg, s.c.). Extended survival of neonatal Balb/c hearts implanted into the ear pinna of MHC mismatched C3H/HEN mice is observed with CP-690550 monotherapy (10–30 mg/kg/day), but improved upon combination with cyclosporin (10 mg/kg/day).
    Animal modelDBA/2 and C57/BL6 mice
    Formulation & DosageFormulated in PEG 300; 0-136 ng/mL;  Given through osmotic minipump infusion
    ReferencesScience. 2003 Oct 31;302(5646):875-8; Am J Transplant. 2004 Jan;4(1):51-7.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

    Tofacitinib (CP-690550,Tasocitinib)
    Comparison between various immunosuppressant agents on graft survival in murine neo-vascularized cardiac allograft model. Am J Transplant. 2004 Jan;4(1):51-7.Inhibition of DTH response. Mice received CP-690550 or vehicle by s.c. injection.

    Tofacitinib (CP-690550,Tasocitinib)

    Tofacitinib (CP-690550,Tasocitinib)
    Enhanced efficacy of CP-690550 in combination with CsA in murine neo-vascularized cardiac allograft model. Am J Transplant. 2004 Jan;4(1):51-7.


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