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    Temsirolimus (CCI779, NSC683864)
    Temsirolimus (CCI779, NSC683864)

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V0178
    CAS #: 162635-04-3Purity ≥98%

    Description: Temsirolimus (also known as CCI-779, NSC-683864; Torisel),  an ester analog of rapamycin, is a potent and specific inhibitor of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) with potential anticancer activity. It inhibits mTOR with an IC50 of 1.76 μM in a cell-free assay. Temsirolimus is an ester derivative of rapamycin and has improved pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties.  mTOR is a serine/threonine kinase that plays a key role in the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway which is upregulated in a variety of tumors. As a mTOR inhibitor, Temsirolimus affected cell proliferation in cancer cells in which the cell cycle targets are dysregulated by mTOR. When treated with a panel of 8 human breast cancer cell lines, Temsirolimus showed potent antigrowth activity with IC50 values of 0.6, 0.7 and 0.7nM for BT-474, MDA-MB-468 and SKBR-3 cells, respectively.  In May 2007, FDA approved Temsirolimus (Brand name: Torisel.) for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

    References: Cancer Res. 2008 Apr 15;68(8):2934-43; Cancer Res. 2005 Apr 1;65(7):2825-31; Blood. 2006 Feb 1;107(3):1149-55.

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    Molecular Weight (MW)

    1030.29

    Formula

    C56H87NO16

    CAS No.

    162635-04-3

    Storage

    -20℃ for 3 years in powder form

    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent

    Solubility (In vitro)

    DMSO: 75 mg/mL (72.8 mM)

    Water: <1 mg/mL

    Ethanol: 75 mg/mL (72.8 mM)

    Solubility (In vivo)

    30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol: 10 mg/mL

    Synonyms

     CCI-779; CCI779; CCI 779; NSC 683864; NSC683864; NSC-683864; Temsirolimus; Brand name: Torisel.

    Chemical Name

    (1R,2R,4S)-4-{(2R)-2-[(3S,6R,7E,9R,10R,12R,14S,15E,17E,19E,21S,23S,26R,27R,34aS)-9,27-dihydroxy-10, 21-dimethoxy-6,8,12,14,20,26-hexamethyl-1,5,11,28,29-pentaoxo-1,4,5,6,9,10,11,12,13,14,21,22,23, 24, 25, 26,27,28,29,31,32,33,34,34a-tetracosahydro-3H-23,27-epoxypyrido[2,1-c][1,4]oxazacyclohentriacontin-3-yl] propyl}-2-methoxycyclohexyl 3-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate.

    SMILES Code

     O=C(O[[email protected]]1[[email protected]](OC)C[[email protected]](C[[email protected]]([[email protected]@H](OC([[email protected]@](CCCC2)([H])N2C(C([[email protected]@]3(O)[[email protected]](C)CC[[email protected]@](O3)([H])C[[email protected]](OC)/C(C)=C/C=C/C=C/[[email protected]@H](C)C[[email protected]@H](C)C([[email protected]](OC)[[email protected]](O)/C (C)=C/[[email protected]]4C)=O)=O)=O)=O)CC4=O)C)CC1)C(C)(CO)CO


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    In Vitro

    In Vitro Activity: Temsirolimus (also known as CCI-779, NSC 683864),  an ester analog of rapamycin, is a specific mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 1.76 μM in a cell-free assay. Temsirolimus is an ester derivative of rapamycin and has improved pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties.  mTOR is a serine/threonine kinase that plays a key role in the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway which is upregulated in a variety of tumors. As a mTOR inhibitor, Temsirolimus affected cell proliferation in cancer cells in which the cell cycle targets are dysregulated by mTOR. When treated with a panel of 8 human breast cancer cell lines, Temsirolimus showed potent antigrowth activity with IC50 values of 0.6, 0.7 and 0.7nM for BT-474, MDA-MB-468 and SKBR-3 cells, respectively.  In May 2007, FDA approved Temsirolimus for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

     

    Kinase Assay: The Flag-tagged wild-type human mTOR (Flag-mTOR) DNA constructs are transiently transfected into HEK293 cells. Protein extraction and purification of Flag-mTOR are carried out 48 hours later. In vitro kinase assays of purified Flag-mTOR in the presence of various concentrations of Temsirolimus without FKBP12 are performed in 96-well plate and detected by dissociation-enhanced lanthanide fluorescent immunoassay (DELFIA) using His6-S6K1 as the substrate. Enzymes is first diluted in kinase assay buffer (10 mM Hepes (pH 7.4), 50 mM NaCl, 50 mM β-glycerophosphate, 10 mM MnCl2, 0.5 mM DTT, 0.25 μM microcystin LR, and 100 μg/mL BSA). To each well, 12 μL of the diluted enzyme is mixed briefly with 0.5 μL Temsirolimus. The kinase reaction is initiated by adding 12.5 μL kinase assay buffer containing ATP and His6-S6K to give a final reaction volume of 25 μL containing 800 ng/mL FLAG-mTOR, 100 μM ATP, and 1.25 μM His6-S6K. The reaction plate is incubated for 2 hours (linear at 1-6 hours) at room temperature with gentle shaking and then terminated by adding 25 μL Stop buffer (20 mM Hepes (pH 7.4), 20 mM EDTA, and 20 mM EGTA). The DELFIA detection of the phosphorylated (Thr-389) His6-S6K is performed at room temperature using a monoclonal anti-P(T389)-p70S6K antibody labeled with Europium-N1-ITC (Eu) (10.4 Eu per antibody). 45 μL of the terminated kinase reaction mixture is transferred to a MaxiSorp plate containing 55 μL PBS. The His6-S6K is allowed to attach for 2 hours after which the wells are aspirated and washed once with PBS. 100 μL of DELFIA buffer with 40 ng/mL Eu-P(T389)-S6K antibody is added. The antibody binding is continued for 1 hour with gentle agitation. The wells are then aspirated and washed four times with PBS containing 0.05% Tween 20 (PBST). 100 μL of DELFIA Enhancement solution is added to each well and the plates are read in a PerkinElmer Victor model plate reader.

     

    Cell Assay: Cells (A549, H157, H460, H446, HCT116, HT29, SW480, DLD1, Caco2, LNCap, DU145, MDA468, MDA231, HEK293, and PC3-MM2) are exposed to various concentrations of Temsirolimus for 72 hours. After treatment, viable cell densities are determined by MTS dye conversion using CellTiter AQ assay kit.

    In the absence of FKBP12, Temsirolimus potently inhibits mTOR kinase activity with IC50 of 1.76 μM, similar to that of rapamycin with IC50 of 1.74 μM. Temsirolimus treatment at nanomolar concentrations (10 nM to<5 μM) displays a modest and selective antiproliferative activity via FKBP12-dependent mechanism, but can completely inhibit the proliferation of a broad panel of tumor cells at low micromolar concentrations (5-15 μM), involving FKBP12-independent suppression of mTOR signaling. Temsirolimus treatment at micromolar but not nanomolar concentrations (20 μM) causes a marked decline in global protein synthesis and disassembly of polyribosomes, accompanied by rapid increase in the phosphorylation of translation elongation factor eEF2 and the translation initiation factor eIF2A. Temsirolimus inhibits the phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6, more potently in PTEN-positive DU145 cells than in PTEN-negative PC-3 cells, and inhibits cell growth and clonogenic survival of both cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Temsirolimus (100 ng/mL) potently inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in primary human lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells.

    In Vivo

    In the NOD/SCID xenograft models with human ALL, Temsirolimus treatment at 10 mg/kg/day produces a decrease in peripheral blood blasts and in splenomegaly. Administration of Temsirolimus (20 mg/kg i.p. 5 days/week) significantly delays the growth of DAOY xenografts by 160% after 1 week and 240% after 2 weeks, compared with controls. Single high-dose of Temsirolimus (100 mg/kg i.p) treatment induces 37% regression of tumor volume within 1 week. Temsirolimus treatment for 2 weeks also delays the growth of rapamycin-resistant U251 xenografts by 148%. Inhibition of mTOR by Temsirolimus improves performance on four different behavioral tasks and decreases aggregate formation in a mouse model of Huntington disease. Administration of Temsirolimus induces significant dose-dependent, antitumor responses against subcutaneous growth of 8226, OPM-2, and U266 xenografts with ED50 of 20 mg/kg and 2 mg/kg for 8226 and OPM-2, respectively, which are associated with inhibited proliferation and angiogenesis, induction of apoptosis, and reduction in tumor cell size.

    Animal model

    Female athymic nude mice injected s.c. with DAOY, or U251 cells

    Formulation & Dosage

    Formulated in 100% EtOH as a 50 mg/mL stock solution, and diluted in 5% Tween 80 and 5% polyethylene glycol 400; 20 mg/kg; IV injection

    References

    Cancer Res. 2008 Apr 15;68(8):2934-43.;  Cancer Res. 2005 Apr 1;65(7):2825-31.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

    Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864)

    Minimal toxicity of CCI-779 (Temsirolimus) in NOD/SCID mice.  2004 Dec 15;104(13):4181-7.

    Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864)

    Antitumor effect of CCI-779.  2004 Dec 15;104(13):4181-7.

    Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864)

    Antitumor effects of CCI-779.  2004 Dec 15;104(13):4181-7.

    Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864)

    Antiangiogenic effects of CCI-779.  2004 Dec 15;104(13):4181-7.


    Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864)

    CCI-779 induces myeloma cell apoptosis.

    Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864)

    CCI-779's effects on p70S6kinase phosphorylation and cell-cycle regulatory proteins in vivo.  2004 Dec 15;104(13):4181-7.


    Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864)

    Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864)


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