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    SN-38 (NK012)
    SN-38 (NK012)

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V1397
    CAS #: 86639-52-3 Purity ≥98%

    Description: SN-38 (NK012; SN-38; NK-012; SN 38; 10-hydroxy-7-ethylcamptothecin) is the active metabolite of Irinotecan (CPT-11) which is a Topoisomerase I inhibitor approved for use as an anticancer drug. SN-38 exhibits 1000 times higher activity than irinoteca and acts by inhibiting DNA topoisomerase I, DNA synthesis and causing frequent DNA single-strand breaks.  

    References: Cancer Res. 1991 Aug 15;51(16):4187-91; Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1997;40(3):259-65.

    Related CAS#: 136572-09-3 (irinotecan HCl trihydrate); 100286-90-6 (irinotecan HCl); 97682-44-5 (irinotecan Free base)

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    Molecular Weight (MW)392.4
    FormulaC22H20N2O5
    CAS No.86639-52-3 (SN-38); 
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 21 mg/mL (53.5 mM)
    Water: <1 mg/mL
    Ethanol: <1 mg/mL
    Solubility (In vivo)

    Chemical Name: (S)-4,11-diethyl-4,9-dihydroxy-1H-pyrano[3',4':6,7]indolizino[1,2-b]quinoline-3,14(4H,12H)-dione

    InChi Key: FJHBVJOVLFPMQE-QFIPXVFZSA-N

    InChi Code: InChI=1S/C22H20N2O5/c1-3-12-13-7-11(25)5-6-17(13)23-19-14(12)9-24-18(19)8-16-15(20(24)26)10-29-21(27)22(16,28)4-2/h5-8,25,28H,3-4,9-10H2,1-2H3/t22-/m0/s1

    SMILES Code: O=C1[[email protected]](O)(CC)C2=C(CO1)C(N3CC4=C(CC)C5=CC(O)=CC=C5N=C4C3=C2)=O

    Synonyms

    NK 012; SN38; NK-012; SN-38; NK012; SN 38; 10-hydroxy-7-ethylcamptothecin; irinotecan metabolite.


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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: SN-38, a biological active metabolite of irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11). SN-38 causes the strongest inhibition of DNA topoisomerase I, followed by CPT and then CPT-11. CPT-11 dose dependently shifts the position of relaxed DNA in the direction of nicked DNA, but SN-38 and CPT shows no effect on the position of relaxed DNA. SN-38 dose-dependently and time-dependently inhibit DNA synthesis. Respective IC50 values of SN-38, in DNA synthesis is 0.077 μM. The inhibitory effect of SN-38 on RNA synthesis is less than that on DNA synthesis and it does not inhibit protein synthesis. SN-38 caused frequent DNA single-strand breaks in P388 cells.


    Kinase Assay: One unit (the minimum amount for full relaxation of 0.5 μg SV40 DNA under the conditions of this study) of topoisomerase I, 0.5 μL of the test compounds, and 0.5μg SV40 DNA are added sequentially to the reaction buffer, which is composed of 25 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.5), 50 mM KC1, 5 mM MgCl2, 0.25 mM EDTA disodium salt, 0.25 mM dithiothreitol, 15μg /mL bovine serum albumin, and 5% glycerol. Then, the reaction mixture (50 μL) is incubated for 10 min at 37 °C, and the reaction is terminated by treatment with 7.5 μL of a solution consisting of 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate, 20 mM EDTA disodium salt, and 0.5 mg/mL proteinase K for an additional 30 min at 37°C. The samples are mixed with 5 μL of the loading buffer containing 10 mM Na2HPO4, 31.3% sucrose, and 0.3% bromophenol blue. Relaxed (form Ir) DNA is separated from supercoiled (form I) and nicked (form II) DNA by electrophoresis on 0.8% agarose gel at 50 mA and 20 V for 17 h in the presence of 2 μg/mL chloroquine, 10 mM EDTA, 30 mM NaH2PO4, and 36 Mm Tris-HCl (pH 7.8). After electrophoresis, the gel is stained with 0.05% ethidium bromide and photographed with UV light (302 nm). The amount of DNA is quantified using a densitometer.  


    Cell Assay: MTT assay

    In VivoSN-38 (NK012), the active and toxic metabolite of the anticancer prodrug Irinotecan. At 30 minutes after administration, Irinotecan plasma concentrations in Slco1a/1b(−/−) mice are 1.9-fold higher than in the wild-type mice (1.89 vs. 1.01 μM, respectively), whereas SN-38 (NK012) plasma concentrations of Slco1a/1b(−/−) mice are 8-fold higher compare with wild-type mice (0.4 μg/mL vs. 0.05 μg/mL, respectively). Overall plasma exposure [AUC(5-240)] of Irinotecan is 1.7-fold higher in Oatp1a/1b knockout mice versus wild-type mice (209.8±6.7 vs. 120.9±4.4 μM/min; P<0.01), and 2.9-fold higher for SN-38 (50±2.9 vs. 12±2 μM/min; P<0.001).
    Animal modelMice
    Formulation & DosageFemale wild-type, Slco1a/1b(−/−)(Oatp1a/1b knockout), Slco1a/1b(−/−);1B1(tg), and Slco1a/1b(−/−);1B3(tg) (liver-specific OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 humanized transgenic) mice of comparable genetic background (>99% FVB) between 8 and 14 weeks of age are used. Irinotecan (20 mg/mL in water-based solution containing NaOH, lactic acid, and sorbitol) is diluted with saline (to 2 mg/mL) for administration of 10 mg/kg; 5 μL/g bodyweight are administered intravenously to mice. SN-38 (NK012) is dissolved in DMSO (1 mg/mL) and 1 μL/g body weight is administered intravenously to mice to achieve a dosage of 1 mg/kg. The experiments are terminated by isoflurane anaesthesia, heparin-blood sampling by cardiac puncture followed by cervical dislocation and tissue collection. Blood samples are centrifuged at 5,200 × g for 5 minutes at 4°C and plasma is collected and stored at −30°C until analysis.
    References

    Cancer Res. 1991 Aug 15;51(16):4187-91; Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1997;40(3):259-65.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

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