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    M344 (D237; MS344)
    M344 (D237; MS344)

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V0278
    CAS #: 251456-60-7Purity ≥98%

    Description: M344 (D-237; MS-344), an amide analogue of Trichostatin A, is a novel and potent pan-HDAC (histone deacetylase) inhibitor with potential anticancer activity. In inhibits HDAC with an IC50 of 100 nM and shows potent anti-proliferative activity in vitro against various cancer cell lines such as MCF-7 cells.  It can also induce cell differentiation. 

    References: J Med Chem. 1999 Nov 4;42(22):4669-79; Gynecol Oncol. 2006 Apr;101(1):108-13; Int J Cancer. 2007 Apr 15;120(8):1787-94; Cancer Cell Int. 2010 Sep 9;10:32.

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    Molecular Weight (MW)307.39
    CAS No.251456-60-7
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 62 mg/mL (201.7 mM)
    Water: <1 mg/mL
    Ethanol: 4 mg/mL (13.0 mM)
    SynonymsM344; D 237; MS 344; M-344; D-237; MS-344; M-344; D237; MS344

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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: M344 produces a more significant effect on cell proliferation than on cell differentiation in MEL DS19 cells. M344 is toxic at concentrations above 10 μM, while a maximum of only 20% of the surviving cell population are induced to differentiate. In vitro, M344 shows the significant anti-proliferative activities against the endometrial cancer cell line Ishikawa and the ovarian cancer cell line SK-OV-3 with EC50 of 2.3 μM and 5.1 μM, respectively. While the normal human endometrial epithelial cells shows little sensitivity to M344. In addition, M344 also leads to decreased proportion of cells in the S-phase and increased proportion in the G0/G1 phases of the cell cycle, induces apoptosis and decreases the transmembrane potential of mitochondria. M344 potently inhibits proliferation of embryonal nervous system tumor cells including medulloblastoma cells (D341 Med, Daoy) and neuroblastoma cells (CH-LA 90,SHSY-5Y ) with GI50 of 0.65 μM, 0.63 μM, 0.63 μM and 0.67 μM, respectively.

    Kinase Assay: Radioactively labeled chicken core histones are used as the enzyme substrate. The enzyme liberated tritiated acetic acid from the substrate which is quantitated by scintillation counting. IC50 values are results of triple determinations. 50 μL of maize enzyme (at 30 °C) is incubated (30 minutes) with 10 μL of total [3H]acetate-prelabeled chicken reticulocyte histones (1 mg/mL). Reaction is stopped by addition of 36 μL of 1 M HCl/0.4 M acetate and 800 μL of ethyl acetate. After centrifugation (10000g, 5 minutes) an aliquot of 600 μL of the upper phase is counted for radioactivity in 3 mL of liquid scintillation cocktail. M344 is tested in a starting concentration of 40 μM, and active substances are diluted further.

    Cell Assay: MEL DS19 cells (murine erythroleukemia cells) are maintained in D-MEM containing 100 units/mL penicillin G sodium and 100 μg/mL streptomycin sulfate supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum at 37 °C in a 5% CO2 atmosphere. To test M344 for potential to induce cell differentiation, log-phase cells with a population doubling time of 11−13 hours are used. Serial dilutions of M344 are prepared in 24-well plates using 1 mL of D-MEM/well. If M344 are dissolved in DMSO, control wells contains the same amount of solvent (generally 2 μL/mL of medium). Subsequently, the cell suspension is added to the wells. After 72 hours the experiment is evaluated. Cell numbers are counted using a Casy 1 TTC flow cytometer. The proliferation of treated cells is expressed as percent proliferation in comparison with the solvent control. Differentiated MEL cells accumulate hemoglobin. Therefore, the induction of cell differentiation is determined by benzidine staining according to the literature. To 100 μL of cell suspension is added 10 μL of a 0.4% solution of benzidine in 12% acetic acid containing 2% H2O2. Within 5 minutes hemoglobin-containing cells stains blue. Benzidine-positive and -negative cells are counted under the microscope in a hemocytometer, and the percentage of positive cells is calculated. M344 is first tested at 10 μM and 50 μM final concentration. According to activity/toxicity profile, a range of concentrations is chosen for a dose−response analysis.

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    J Med Chem. 1999 Nov 4;42(22):4669-79; Gynecol Oncol. 2006 Apr;101(1):108-13; Int J Cancer. 2007 Apr 15;120(8):1787-94; Cancer Cell Int. 2010 Sep 9;10:32.

    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.


    M344 induces ATF3 and enhances its expression in combination with cisplatin treatment. Cancer Cell Int. 2010 Sep 9;10:32. 
    M344 enhances the cytotoxicity of cisplatin. Cancer Cell Int. 2010 Sep 9;10:32. 
    ATF3 induction by M344 is independent of MAPKinase pathways. Cancer Cell Int. 2010 Sep 9;10:32. 


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