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    Ledipasvir (GS5885)
    Ledipasvir (GS5885)

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V0728
    CAS #: 1256388-51-8 Purity ≥98%

    Description: Ledipasvir (formerly GS5885; GS-5885; trade name Harvoni) is a novel and potent HCV NS5A polymerase inhibitor that is used for the treatment of HCV-hepatitis C virus infection. As an inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus NS5A, it has EC50s of 34 pM and 4 pM against genotype 1a and 1b replicon, respectively. The combination product of ledipasvir 90 mg/sofosbuvir 400 mg (trade name Harvoni) was approved by FDA in October 2014. The ledipasvir/sofosbuvir combination is a direct-acting antiviral agent that interferes with HCV replication and can be used to treat patients with genotypes 1a or 1b without PEG-interferon or ribavirin. Ledipasvir has an extended plasma half-life of 37-45 h in healthy volunteers and produces a rapid >3 log viral load reduction in monotherapy at oral doses of 3 mg or greater with once-daily dosing in genotype 1a HCV-infected patients. It has been shown to be safe and efficacious, with SVR12 rates up to 100% when used in combination with direct-acting antivirals having complementary mechanisms.

    References: J Med Chem. 2014 Mar 13;57(5):2033-46.

    Related CAS1441674-54-9 (Ledipasvir acetone); 1502655-48-2 (Ledipasvir diacetone); 1502654-87-6 (Ledipasvir D-tartrate)

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    Molecular Weight (MW)889.0
    FormulaC49H54F2N8O6
    CAS No.1256388-51-8 (Ledipasvir);
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 100 mg/mL (112.5 mM)
    Water: <1 mg/mL
    Ethanol: 100 mg/mL (112.5 mM)
    SMILES Code O=C(OC)N[[email protected]@H](C(C)C)C(N([[email protected]](C1=NC=C(C2=CC(C(F)(F)C3=C4C=CC(C5=CC=C6C(NC([[email protected]@H] 7[[email protected]@](C8)([H])CC[[email protected]@]8([H])N7C([[email protected]@H](NC(OC)=O)C(C)C)=O)=N6)=C5)=C3)=C4C=C2)N1)C9)CC%109CC%10)=O
    SynonymsLedipasvir; GS-5885, GS5885; GS 5885; trade name: Harvoni; Methyl N-[(2S)-1-[(6S)-6-[5-[9,9-Difluoro-7-[2-[(1S,2S,4R)-3-[(2S)-2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3-methylbutanoyl]-3-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-yl]-3H-benzimidazol-5-yl]fluoren-2-yl]-1H-imidazol-2-yl]-5-azaspiro[2.4]heptan-5-yl]-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl]carbamate


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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: Ledipasvir (also known as GS5885) is a HCV NS5A polymerase inhibitor that is used for the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection. The combination product of ledipasvir 90 mg/sofosbuvir 400 mg (trade name Harvoni) was approved by FDA in October 2014. The ledipasvir/sofosbuvir combination is a direct-acting antiviral agent that interferes with HCV replication and can be used to treat patients with genotypes 1a or 1b without PEG-interferon or ribavirin. Ledipasvir has an extended plasma half-life of 37-45 h in healthy volunteers and produces a rapid >3 log viral load reduction in monotherapy at oral doses of 3 mg or greater with once-daily dosing in genotype 1a HCV-infected patients. It has been shown to be safe and efficacious, with SVR12 rates up to 100% when used in combination with direct-acting antivirals having complementary mechanisms. 


    Kinase Assay: GT1a replicon EC50 = 31 pM


    Cell Assay: Ledipasvir is a specific inhibitor of HCV NS5A protein to inhibit HCV replication in the HCV subgenomic replicon system. NS5A replication complex inhibitors are novel antiviral factors for HCV treatment. Typically, these inhibitors have high efficiency and low viral resistance when compared to traditional HCV replication inhibitor targeted on NS3 helicase and NS5B RNA polymerasae. NS5A inhibitors are supposed to bind across the NS5A dimer interface, proximal to N-terminal domain 1. The binding is thought to distort dimer association directly or allosterically, which may disrupt NS5A function in HCV RNA replication. When a JFH1/3a-NS5A hybrid replicon was used to assess susceptibility to NS5A, another inhibitor DCV was shown to be more potent than ledipasvir. Additionally, NS5A-A30K and -Y93H variants exhibited reduced sensitivity to ledpasvir (EC50 value of 1770 nM and 4300 nM respectively).

    In VivoIn clinical trials, it was observed ledpasvir was well tolerated and exhibited median maximal reduction of HCV RNA ranging from 2.3 log10 IU/ml to 3.3 log10 IU/ml. Emax modeling also showed administration of 30 mg ledpasvir after 3 days resulted in >95% maximal response of HCV RNA reduction to genotype 1a.Finally, it was also observed that HCV RNA was more sustained in genotype 1b compared to 1a.
    Animal modelPK studies in Rats, Dogs and Monkeys; Ledipasvir is remarkable not only on the basis of its high replicon potency but also on the basis of its low clearance, good bioavailability, and long half-lives in rat, dog, and monkey and low predicted clearance in human. The pharmacokinetics of Ledipasvir is measured in rats and dogs. Ledipasvir shows good half-lives (rat 1.83 ± 0.22 hr, dog 2.63 ± 0.18 hr) in plasma, low systemic clearance (CL), and moderate volumes of distribution (Vss) that are greater than total body water volume
    Formulation & DosagePharmacokinetic studies are performed in male naı̈ve Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats, non-naive beagle dogs, and cynomolgus monkeys (three animals per dosing route). Intravenous (IV) administration is dosed via infusion over 30 min in a vehicle containing 5% ethanol, 20% PEG400, and 75% water (pH adjusted to 3.0 with HCl). Oral dosing is administered by gavage in a vehicle containing 5% ethanol, 45% PEG 400, and 50% of 50 mM citrate buffer, pH 3. Blood samples are collected over a 24 h period postdose into Vacutainer tubes containing EDTA-K2. Plasma was isolated, and the concentration of the test compound in plasma was determined with LC/MS/MS after protein precipitation with acetonitrile.
    ReferencesJ Clin Virol. 2013 May;57(1):13-8; J Hepatol. 2012 Jul;57(1):24-31; Nature. 2010 May 6;465(7294):96-100.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

     
    Ledipasvir (GS5885)
    J Med Chem. 2014 Mar 13;57(5):2033-46.
     

    Ledipasvir (GS5885)

    Nature. 2010 May 6;465(7294):96-100.
     

    Ledipasvir (GS5885)

    Nature. 2010 May 6;465(7294):96-100.


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