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    Didanosine (Videx)
    Didanosine (Videx)

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V1817
    CAS #: 69655-05-6Purity ≥98%

    Description: Didanosine (also known as 2′,3′-dideoxyinosine, ddI, DDI; trade names Videx and Videx EC) is a potent reverse transcriptase inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.49 μM. It is an antiretroviral drug used to treat HIV/AIDS in combination with other medications as part of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Didanosine is of the reverse transcriptase inhibitor class and is on the WHO World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, a list of the most important medication needed in a basic health system.

    References: J Neurol Sci. 1997 Jul;149(1):19-25.

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    Molecular Weight (MW)236.23
    FormulaC10H12N4O3
    CAS No.69655-05-6
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 47 mg/mL (199.0 mM)
    Water:<1 mg/mL
    Ethanol: <1 mg/mL
    Other info
    Chemical Name: 9-[(2R,5S)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-3H-purin-6-one
    InChi Key: BXZVVICBKDXVGW-NKWVEPMBSA-N
    InChi Code: InChI=1S/C10H12N4O3/c15-3-6-1-2-7(17-6)14-5-13-8-9(14)11-4-12-10(8)16/h4-7,15H,1-3H2,(H,11,12,16)/t6-,7+/m0/s1
    SMILES Code: C1C[[email protected]@H](O[[email protected]@H]1CO)N2C=NC3=C2NC=NC3=O 
    Synonyms2',3'-Dideoxyinosine; Videx; Videx EC; ddI


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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: Didanosine induces cytoplasmic lipid droplet accumulations, increases lactate production and decreases activities of COX (complex IV) and SDH (part of complex II) in cultured human muscle cells. Didanosine is converted to its active moiety, dideoxyadenosine-5'-triphosphate (ddATP), which inhibits HIV reverse transcriptase and terminates viral DNA growth in the target cell for HIV. Didanosine induces dose-dependent decreases in neurite number, length of the longest neurite in each neuron, and total neurite length per neuron in dissociated DRG cell cultures with 3 days treatment. Didanosine induces a neurite retraction or neurite loss in a dose-dependent manner in dissociated DRG neurons, suggesting that Didanosine may partially contribute to developing peripheral neuropathy. Didanosine potentiates the mutagenicity of Zidovudine in the thymidine kinase (TK) gene of cultured human TK6 lymphoblastoid cells. Didanosine combined with Zidovudine causes a significant increase in micronucleated PCEs and induces a significant increase in Tk mutants, which is associated with loss of the wild-type Tk+ allele. Didanosine depletes mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in cultured hepatocytes, this mtDNA depletion is associated with an increased in vitro production of lactate.

    In VivoDidanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase. Didanosine demonstrated linear pharmacokinetic behavior over the dose ranges of 0.4 to 16.5 mg/kg intravenously and 0.8 to 10.2 mg/kg orally. Bioavailability of didanosine when administered as a solution with an antacid was approximately 43% for doses from 0.8 to 10.2 mg/kg in patients with AIDS and advanced AIDS-related complex. Bioavailability of didanosine from the citrate-phosphate-buffered solution, the formulation currently used in phase II and expanded access studies, was comparable to the formulation used in the phase I trials
    Animal model
    Formulation & Dosage0.4 to 16.5 mg/kg intravenously and 0.8 to 10.2 mg/kg orally
    ReferencesJ Neurol Sci. 1997 Jul;149(1):19-25.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

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