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    Beta-Lapachone (ARQ-501)
    Beta-Lapachone (ARQ-501)

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V1398
    CAS #: 4707-32-8Purity ≥98%

    Description: Beta-Lapachone (also known as ARQ-501; NSC 26326; ARQ501; NSC-26326) is a novel, naturally occurring, potent and selective DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. It exhibits no inhibitory activities against DNA topoisomerase II or ligase. Beta-Lapachone is a naphthoquinone compound extracted from bark of Tabebuia sp., with antitumor, antibacterial, antifungal and antitrypanosomal activities. Beta-lapachone exerts its anti-tumor effect by indirect actions of inducing p53-independent apoptosis and cell cycle arrest mediated through altered activities of cell cycle control regulatory proteins.

    References: J Biol Chem. 1993 Oct 25;268(30):22463-8; Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Nov 9;96(23):13369-74.

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    Molecular Weight (MW)242.27
    FormulaC15H14O3
    CAS No.4707-32-8
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 33 mg/mL (136.2 mM)
    Water: <1 mg/mL
    Ethanol: 10 mg/mL (41.3 mM)
    Solubility (In vivo)Chemical Name: 2,2-dimethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[h]chromene-5,6-dione
    SMILES Code: O=C1C(CCC(C)(C)O2)=C2C3=CC=CC=C3C1=O
    Synonymsβ-Lapachone, ARQ-501; NSC26326; ARQ 501; NSC 26326; ARQ501; NSC-26326


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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: Beta-Lapachone inhibits DNA relaxation induced by DNA topoisomerase I in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment of beta-lapachone (100 nM or greater) results in >95% inhibition of Topo I DNA unwinding activity compared to the DMSO control. beta-lapachone (1-5 μM) causes a block in G0/G1 of the cell cycle and induces apoptosis by locking Topo I onto DNA and blocking replication fork movement in HL-60 and three human prostate cancer (DU-145, PC-3, and LNCaP) cells. Beta-Lapachone facilitates the migration of mouse 3T3 fibroblasts and human endothelial EAhy926 cells through different MAPK signaling pathways, and thus accelerates scrape-wound healing in vitro. In addition, beta-Lapachone inhibits purified recombinant IDO1 activity through uncompetitive inhibition with IC50 of 0.44 μM, and beta-lapachone also exhibits superior retention of intracellular IDO1 inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 1.0 μM, partially dependent on biotransformation by NQO1. Beta-lapachone induces programmed necrosis of NQO1+ cancer cells by NQO1-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and PARP1 hyperactivation.


    Kinase Assay: Topoisomerase I Catalytic Actioity Assay: The enzymatic activity is analyzed by the DNA unwinding assay. DNA topoisomerase I, from TopoGEN (1 unit, which is defined as the amount of enzyme that converts 0.5 μg of superhelical DNA to the relaxed state in 30 minutes at 37 °C), is incubated with 0.5 μg of 6x174 RF DNA, in the presence or absence of Beta-Lapachone, in 20 μL of relaxation buffer (50 mM Tris (pH 7.5). 50 mM KCI, 10 mM MgCl2, 0.5 mM dithiothreitol, 0.5 mM EDTA, 30 μg/mL bovine serum albumin) for 30 minutes at 37 °C. Reactions are stopped by adding 1% SDS and proteinase K (50 μg/mL). After an additional 1-hour incubation at 37 °C, the products are separated by electrophoresis in 1% agarose gel in TAE buffer (0.04 M tris acetate, 0.001 M EDTA). The gel is stained with ethidium bromide after electrophoresis. The photographic negative is scanned with an NIH image analysis system.


    Cell Assay: IC50 calculations for each cell line are determined by DNA amount (IS) and anchorage-dependent colony formation (CF) assays. For the CF assay, cells are seeded at 500 viable cells/well in 6-well plates and incubated overnight, then treated with equal volumes of media containing beta-lapachone at final concentrations ranging from 0.005 to 50 μM in half-log increments (controls were treated with 0.25% DMSO, equivalent to the highest dose of beta-lapachonc used) for 4 hour or for continuous 12-hour exposures. Plates (3 wells/condition) are stained with crystal violet, and colonies of >50 normal-appearing cells are enumerated. IC50 values for various cells are calculated using drug doses with numbers of colonies surrounding 50% of control. For DNA assays, plates are harvested for IC50 determinations 8 days after treatment using a CytoFluor 2350 fluorescence measurement system. Six-well samplings are included in the calculation of DNA fluor units for each dose. A graph of beta-lapachone dose versus percentage control DNA in fluor units is used to calculate each IC50. All experiments are repeated at least twice, each in duplicate.

    In VivoBeta-lapachone treatment (50 mg/kg) leads to potent inhibition of in vivo tumor growth in a xenograft mouse model of human ovarian cancer, and the combination of beta-lapachone and taxol produces a synergistic induction of apoptosis. In normal and diabetic (db/db) mice, treatment of beta-lapachone results in a faster healing process than vehicle only.
    Animal modelHuman ovarian cancer cells (36M2) are established in nude mice. 
    Formulation & DosageDissolved in  Lipiodol; 25–50 mg/kg; i.p. administration
    References

    J Biol Chem. 1993 Oct 25;268(30):22463-8; Cancer Res. 1995 Sep 1;55(17):3706-11; Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Nov 9;96(23):13369-74.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

    Beta-Lapachone
    Induction of DNA laddering in cells treated with both β-lapachone and taxol. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Nov 9;96(23):13369-74.
     

    Beta-Lapachone

    Potent inhibition of ovarian tumor growth in vivo by β-lapachone and taxol. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Nov 9;96(23):13369-74.
     

    Beta-Lapachone

    Potent inhibition of prostate tumor growth in vivo by β-lapachone and taxol. Male SCID (ICR) mice were inoculated with androgen-independent human prostate cancer cells (DU145; 8 × 106 s.c.). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Nov 9;96(23):13369-74.


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