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    AZD-6482 (KIN-193)
    AZD-6482 (KIN-193)

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V0124
    CAS #: 1173900-33-8Purity ≥98%

    Description: AZD6482 (KIN193) is a novel, potent, selective and ATP competitive PI3Kβ (phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase) inhibitor with potential anticancer activity. It inhibits p110β with an IC50 of 0.69 nM, and is 109-fold more selective against PI3Kβ than PI3Kδ, PI3Kα and PI3Kγ in cell-free assays. The p110β isoform of PI3K is reported to be essential for the growth of PTEN-null tumors. Thus, it is desirable to develop p110β-selective inhibitors such as AZD6482 for cancer therapy.

    References:J Thromb Haemost. 2012 Oct;10(10):2127-36; Cancer Discov. 2012 May;2(5):425-33.

    Related CAS: 1173900-37-2 (S-isomer)

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    Molecular Weight (MW)

    408.45

    Formula

    C22H24N4O4

    CAS No.

    1173900-33-8

    Storage

    -20℃ for 3 years in powder form

    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent

    Solubility (In vitro)

    DMSO: 82 mg/mL (200.75 mM)

    Water:<1 mg/mL

    Ethanol: 10 mg/mL (24.48 mM)

    Solubility (In vivo)

    30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% Propylene glycol: 30 mg/mL

    Synonym/Chemical Name

    AZD6482; AZD-6482; AZD 6482; KIN-193; KIN193; KIN 193; 2-[[(1R)-1-(7-methyl-2-morpholin-4-yl-4-oxopyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidin-9-yl)ethyl]amino]benzoic acid

     


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    In Vitro

    Kinase Assay: The inhibition of PI3Kβ, PI3Kα, PI3Kγ, and PI3Kδ is evaluated in an AlphaScreen based enzyme activity assay using human recombinant enzymes. The assay measures PI3K-mediated conversion of PIP2 to PIP3. Biotinylated PIP3, a GST-tagged pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and the two AlphaScreen beads form a complex that elicits a signal upon laser excitation at 680 nm. The PIP3 formed in the enzyme reaction competes with the biotinylated PIP3 for binding to the PH domain thus reducing the signal with increasing enzyme product. The AZD6482 is dissolved in DMSO and added to 384 well plates. PBKβ, PBKα, PBKγ, or PBKδ is added in a Tris buffer (50 mM Tris pH 7.6, 0.05% CHAPS, 5 mM DTT, and 24 mM MgCl2) and allowed to preincubate with AZD6482 for 20 minutes prior to the addition of substrate solution containing PIP2 and ATP. The enzyme reaction is stopped after 20 minutes by addition of stop solution containing EDTA and biotin-PIP3, followed by addition of detection solution containing GST-grpl PH and AlphaScreen beads. Plates are left for a minimum of 5 hours in the dark prior to analysis. The final concentration of DMSO, ATP and PIP2 in the assay are, 0.8%, 4 μM, and 40 μM, respectively. IC50 values are calculated according to the equation, y = {a+[(b-a)/(l+(x/IC50)s)]}, where y = % inhibition; a = 0%; b = 100%; s = the slope of the concentration-response curve; x = AZD6482 concentration.

     

    Cell Assay: BT20, U87MG, and SKOV3 cells are plated at 3,000 cell/well in 96-well culture plates in growth medium with 10% FBS. Cells are incubated overnight and treated with DMSO (0.1% final) or serial diluted compound for 3 days. Resazurin is added to 0.1 mg/mL. Plates are incubated at 37 °C in 5% CO2 for 3 hours. Fluorescence signals are read as emission at 590 nm after excitation at 530 nm. IC50 values are calculated by plotting fluorescence intensity to drug concentration in nonlinear curve.

    For assay of washed platelet aggregation (WPA), the platelet pellets are isolated from human blood and re-suspended to 2 × 1015/L in Tyrodes buffer (TB) containing 1 μM hirudin and 0.02 U/mL apyrase. Then, the platelet suspension is left to rest at room temperature for 30 min. Just prior to time for assay, CaCl2 is added to a final concentration of 2 mM. AZD6482, dissolved in DMSO, is added to a 96-well plate prior to the addition of the washed platelet suspension. The platelet suspension is preincubated with AZD6482 for 5 min. Light absorption at 650 nm is recorded before and after a 5 min plate shake and referred to as recording 0 (R0) and Rl. A mouse anti-human CD9 antibody is added (at a donor specific concentration) to each well prior to next 10 min plate shake and light absorption recording; R2. For data analysis, light absorbance in wells with TB are subtracted from all readings before percent aggregation is calculated according the formula: [(R1-R2)/R1] × 100 = % aggregation. Spontaneous aggregation or pro-aggregatory effect of the inhibitor is evaluated by the same formula, [(R0-Rl)/R0] × 100 = % aggregation. IC50 values are calculated according to the equation, y = {a+[(b-a)/(l+(x/IC50)s)]}, where y = % inhibition; a = 0%; b = 100%; s = the slope of the concentration-response curve; x = AZD6482 concentration. A

    ZD6482 also inhibits PI3Kα, γ, and δ, with IC50 of 80 nM to 1.09 μM, which are significantly lower than its (+)-enantiomer (S-form). AZD6482 is an antiplatelet agent; it blocks platelet activation adhesion/aggregation and promotes platelet disaggregation in assay of washed platelet aggregation (WPA), with an IC50 value of 6 nM. Furthermore, by targeting PI3Kβ, AZD6482 specifically inhibits thrombosis without interfering with normal haemostasis. Therefore, AZD6482 is used as an anti-thrombotic drug for the prophylaxis of thrombotic disorders.

    In Vivo

    To determine the pharmacodynamics of AZD 6482 (KIN-193) in tumors in vivo, rat fibroblast (Rat1) cells are engineered to express both p53DD, a dominant negative mutant of p53, and a constitutively activated myr-p110β (Rat1-CA-p110β) to enable these cells to form xenograft tumors in mice. For comparison, an isogenic Rat1 cell line expressing p53DD and myr-p110α (Rat1-CA-p110α) is also generated. Rat1-CA-p110α and Rat1-CA-p110β cells are introduced subcutaneously into the contralateral flanks of athymic mice such that tumors driven by activated p110α or p110β would be exposed to identical conditions and that concern about animal-to-animal variability could be eliminated. When tumors reach a volume of ~500 mm3, the tumor-bearing mice receives a single IP injection of AZD 6482 (10 mg/kg). The plasma concentration of AZD 6482 is highest at 1 hour post-injection and declined to undetectable levels by 4h. Concentrations of AZD 6482 in both the CA-p110α- and CA-p110β-driven tumors parallel the plasma concentrations. Analyses of tumor lysates harvested at various time points after AZD 6482 injection reveal that the phosphorylation of AKT is significantly reduced at 1hour after AZD 6482 injection in Rat1-CA-p110β tumors, but remain unchanged in Rat1-CAp110α tumors. 

    Animal model

     Mice; Approximately 6-8 week-old female nude mice are injected s.c. with Rat1-Myr-HA-p110α(Rat1-CAp110α) cells (1×106 cells in 40% matrigel) in one flank (site 1) and Rat1-Myr-HA-p110β (Rat1-CAp110β) cells (0.5×106 cells in 10% matrigel) in the contralateral flank (site 2). When tumors grow to ~500 mm3, mice are dosed once by ip injection with AZD 6482 formulated in 7.5% NMP, 40% PEG400, 52.5% dH2O at 0.1 mL/10g body weight and 10 mg/kg. Tumors are collected at 0, 1, 4, 8, and 24 h following compound administration and blood samples are obtained by direct heart puncture. Serum is separated and stored at -80°C. The drug concentrations in serum and tumor samples are assessed by LC-MS/MS analysis by the DMPK group. 

    Formulation & Dosage

    Mice are dosed once by ip injection with AZD 6482 formulated in 7.5% NMP, 40% PEG400, 52.5% dH2O at 0.1 mL/10g body weight and 10 mg/kg. 

    References

    Fjellstrom O, et al. US Patent, WO2009093972.Cancer Discov. 2012 May;2(5):425-33.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

    AZD6482

    Identification of KIN-193 (AZD6482) as a p110β specific inhibitor. Cancer Discov. 2012 May;2(5):425-33.

    AZD6482

    In vivo characterization of the anti-cancer potential of KIN-193. A, Pharmacokinetics and pharmocodynamics of KIN-193 in mice. Cancer Discov. 2012 May;2(5):425-33.

    AZD6482

    In vivo effect of KIN-193 on PTEN-deficient tumors.  Cancer Discov. 2012 May;2(5):425-33.

    AZD6482

    Effects of KIN-193 on PTEN-deficient cancer cells. Cancer Discov. 2012 May;2(5):425-33.




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