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    Allitinib (AST 1306)
    Allitinib (AST 1306)

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V0561
    CAS #: 897383-62-9 Purity ≥98%

    Description: Allitinib (formerly also known as AST1306; AST-1306) is a novel, potent, selective and covalent / irreversible inhibitor of EGFR and ErbB2 with potential antitumor activity. It inhibits EGFR and ErbB2 with IC50s of 0.5 nM and 3 nM, it is also effective in mutation EGFR T790M/L858R, and is more potent to ErbB2-overexpressing cells, 3000-fold selective for ErbB family than other kinases. AST-1306 inhibits the enzymatic activities of wild-type EGFR and ErbB2 as well as EGFR resistant mutant in both cell-free and cell-based systems.  

    References:PLoS One. 2011;6(7):e21487.

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    Molecular Weight (MW)448.88
    FormulaC24H18ClFN4O2
    CAS No.897383-62-9(free base); 
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 124 mg/mL (199.6 mM)
    Water: <1 mg/mL
    Ethanol: <1 mg/mL
    Solubility (In vivo) 0.5% hydroxyethyl cellulose: 30mg/mL
    SynonymsAllitinib; AST1306; ALS-1306; ALS1306; AST 6; AST-6; AST-1306; Allitinib free base; AST 1306; ALS1306; AST6. 

    Chemical Name: N-[4-[[3-Chloro-4-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]phenyl]amino]quinazolin-6-yl]acrylamide

    InChi Key: MVZGYPSXNDCANY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

    InChi Code: InChI=1S/C24H18ClFN4O2/c1-2-23(31)29-17-6-8-21-19(11-17)24(28-14-27-21)30-18-7-9-22(20(25)12-18)32-13-15-4-3-5-16(26)10-15/h2-12,14H,1,13H2,(H,29,31)(H,27,28,30)

    SMILES Code: C=CC(NC1=CC2=C(NC3=CC=C(OCC4=CC=CC(F)=C4)C(Cl)=C3)N=CN=C2C=C1)=O


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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: AST-1306 also ErB2 and EGFR T790M/L858R double mutant. AST-1306 is approximately 500-fold more potent than lapatinib and more than 3000-fold selective for ErbB family kinases over other kinase families including PDGFR, KDR and c-Met. AST-1306 might covalently bind to specific amino acid residues of EGFR and ErbB2. AST-1306 acts in a concentration dependent manner to significantly inhibit the growth of HIH3T3-EGFR T790M/L858R cells. AST-1306 effectively suppresses EGFR phosphorylation in HIH3T3-EGFR T790M/L858R cells. Moreover, AST-1306 blocks the growth of NCI-H1975 cells that harbor the EGFR T790M/L858R mutation in a concentration-dependent manner. AST-1306 blocks phosphorylation of EGFR and downstream pathways as well. In addition, AST-1306 dose-dependently and markedly inhibits EGF-induced EGFR phosphorylation in A549 cells. AST-1306 inhibits the phosphorylation of EGFR and ErbB2, and downstream signaling in human cancer cells including A549 cells, Calu-3 cells and SK-OV-3 cells.


    Kinase Assay: The tyrosine kinase activities are determined in 96-well ELISA plates precoated with 20 μg/mL Poly (Glu,Tyr)4:1. First, 80 μL of 5 μM ATP solution diluted in kinase reaction buffer (50 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 20 mM MgCl2, 0.1 mM MnCl2, 0.2 mM Na3VO4, 1 mM DTT) is added to each well. Various concentrations of AST-1306 diluted in 10 μL of 1% DMSO (v/v) are then added to each reaction well, with 1% DMSO (v/v) used as the negative control. Subsequently, the kinase reaction is initiated by the addition of purified tyrosine kinase proteins diluted in 10 μL of kinase reaction buffer solution. Experiments at each concentration are performed in duplicate. After incubation for 60 min at 37 °C, the plate is washed three times with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) containing 0.1% Tween 20 (T-PBS). Next, 100 μL anti-phosphotyrosine antibody (PY99, 1:500 dilution) diluted in T-PBS containing 5 mg/mL BSA is added. After 30 min incubation at 37 °C, the plate is washed three times as before. Horseradish peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-mouse IgG (100 μL) diluted 1:2000 in T-PBS containing 5 mg/mL BSA is added. The plate is reincubated at 37 °C for 30 min, and then washed with PBS. Finally, 100 μL of a solution containing 0.03 % H2O2 and 2 mg/mL o-phenylenediamine in 0.1 M citrate buffer, pH 5.5, is added and samples are incubated at room temperature until color emerged. The reaction is terminated by the addition of 50 μL of 2 M H2SO4, and the plate is read using a multi-well spectrophotometer at 490 nm. The inhibition rate (%) is calculated using the following equation: [1-(A490 treated /A490 control)] ×100%. IC50 values are determined from the results of at least three independent tests and calculated by Logit method. 


    Cell Assay: Cell (Calu-3, A-549 cell line et al.) proliferation is evaluated using the SRB (Sulforhodamine B) assay. Briefly, cells are seeded into 96-well plates and grown for 24 hours. The cells are then treated with increasing concentrations of AST-1306 and grown for a further 72 hours. The medium remains unchanged until the completion of the experiment. The cells are then fixed with 10% precooled trichloroacetic acid (TCA) for 1 hour at 4 °C and stained for 15 min at room temperature with 100 μL of 4 mg/mL SRB solution in 1% acetic acid. The SRB is then removed, and the cells are quickly rinsed five times with 1% acetic acid. After cells are air-dried, protein-bound dye is dissolved in 150 μL of 10 mM Tris base for 5 min and measured at 515 nm using a multiwell spectrophotometer. The inhibition rate on cell proliferation is calculated as (1 - A515 treated/A515 control) × 100%. The IC50 value is obtained by the Logit method and is determined from the results of at least 3 independent tests.

    In VivoTwice daily oral administration of AST-1306 gives rise to a dramatic prevention of tumor growth in SK-OV-3 and Calu-3 xenograft models. In SK-OV-3 models, tumors nearly disappears after treatment with AST-1306 for 7 days. In contrast, AST-1306 only slightly inhibits the growth of tumor in HO-8910 and A549 xenograft models. Therefore, the antitumor efficacy of AST-1306 is greater in ErbB2-overexpressing tumor models than in models expressing low levels of ErbB2. AST-1306 is well tolerated. Lapatinib displays antitumor activity in these ErbB2-overexpressing tumor models, but AST-1306 is more efficacious than lapatinib in the SK-OV-3 xenograft tumor model when given at the same dose and schedule. In addition, oral administration of AST-1306 twice daily for 3 weeks dramatically suppresses the growth of tumor in the FVB-2/Nneu models. After treatment for 11 days, tumors almost completely disappears. The body weights of the mice reduces by less than 20% during treatment.
    Animal modelNude mice bearing SK-OV-3 xenograft tumors and SK-OV-3FVB-2/Nneu transgenic mouse
    Formulation & Dosage Dissolved in 0.5% hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), grinding with agate morta; 25, 50, 100 mg/kg; p.o.
    References

    PLoS One. 2011;6(7):e21487.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

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