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    A66
    A66

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V0118
    CAS #: 1166227-08-2Purity ≥98%

    Description: A66 is a novel, potent, reversible, ATP-competitive and highly selective p110α inhibitor with potential anticancer activity. It has an IC50 of 32 nM for inhibiting p110α in a cell-free assay, and showed >100 fold selectivity for p110α over other class-I PI3K isoforms.

    References: Biochem J. 2011 Aug 15;438(1):53-62; EMBO Mol Med. 2013 Apr;5(4):563-71. 

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    Molecular Weight (MW)

    393.53

    Formula

    C17H23N5O2S2

    CAS No.

    1166227-08-2

    Storage

    -20℃ for 3 years in powder form

    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent

    Solubility (In vitro)

    DMSO: 79 mg/mL (200.74 mM)

    Water: 1 mg/mL (2.54 mM)

    Ethanol: 4 mg/mL (26.81 mM)

    Solubility (In vivo)

    15% Captisol: 8 mg/mL

    Chemical Name/synonyms

    (2S)-N1-(5-(2-tert-butylthiazol-4-yl)-4-methylthiazol-2-yl)pyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxamide; A66; A-66; A 66


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    In Vitro

    Kinase Assay: PI3K (human) HTRF Assay; The p110α isoform is produced in-house by co-expressing full-length human p85α with the indicated human full-length catalytic subunit containing a histidine tag at the N-terminus to allow purification. The p110α is titrated and used at a concentration between EC65-EC80 values. IC50 value is evaluated using the PI3K (human) HTRF Assay.

     

    Cell Assay: In addition to the wild-type p110α, A66 also potently inhibits the oncogenic forms of p110α such as p110α E545K and p110α H1047R with IC50 of 30 nM and 43 nM, respectively. Unlike PIK-75, A66 displays >100 fold selectivity for p110α over other class-I PI3K isoforms. Among the class-II PI3Ks, class-III PI3K and PI4Ks, A66 only exhibits limited cross-reactivity with the class-II PI3K PI3KC2β and the PI4Kβ isoform of PI4K with IC50 of 462 nM and 236 nM, respectively. A66 exhibits no inhibitory activity against other lipid kinases or the related kinases DNA-PK and mTOR. A66 has a higher degree of specificity compared with PIK-75 when tested at 10 μM against two large panels of 110 protein kinases and 318 kinases. Inhibition of p110α alone by A66 treatment is sufficient to block insulin signalling to Akt/PKB in certain cell lines that harbor H1047R mutations in PIK3CA and have high levels of p110α and class-Ia PI3K activity. A66 treatment at 0.7 μM induces a 75-80% reduction in focus formation by the highly transforming p85α iSH2 mutants KS459delN, DKRMN-S560del, and K379E, and reduces the phosphorylation of Akt on T308 by all p85 mutants.

    In Vivo

    A single dose of A66 at 100 mg/kg induces a profound reduction in the phosphorylation of Akt/PKB and p70 S6 kinase, but not of ERK, in SK-OV-3 tumour tissue in vivo at both 1 hour and 6 hours after dosing. A66 dosed at 100 mg/kg once daily (QD) for 21 days or 75 mg/kg twice daily (BID) for 16 days induces a significant delay in growth of SK-OV-3 xenografted tumors with average TGI of 45.9% and 29.9%, respectively, which is even greater than that induced by the well-established pan-PI3K inhibitor BEZ-235. QD dosing of A66 in the HCT-116 xenograft model also induces a significant reduction in tumour volume with TGI of 77.2%, but causes a non-significant reduction in tumor volume in the U87MG xenograft model.  Administration of A66 at 10 mg/kg in male CD1 mice induces significant impairments in the ITT (insulin tolerance test) and GTT (glucose tolerance test), and an increase in glucose production during a PTT (pyruvate tolerance test), almost to the same level as the pan-PI3K inhibitors.

    Animal model

    Age-matched specific pathogen-free Rag1-/- or NIH-III mice inoculated subcutaneously with U87MG, SK-OV-3 or HCT-116 cells

    Formulation & Dosage

    Dissolved in 20% 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin in water;100 mg/kg QD or 75 mg/kg BID; i.p.

    References

    [1] Jamieson S, et al. Biochem J, 2011, 438(1), 53-62.[2] Sun M, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2010, 107(35), 15547-15552.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

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