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    A-966492
    A-966492

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V0313
    CAS #: 934162-61-5Purity ≥98%

    Description: A-966492 is a selective and orally bioavailable PARP [poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase] inhibitor with potential anticancer activity. It inhibits PARP1 and PARP2 with Kis of 1 nM and 1.5 nM, respectively. It also demonstrated excellent in vivo antitumor efficacy in a B16-F10 melanoma model in combination with temozolomide.

    References: J Med Chem. 2010 Apr 22;53(8):3142-53.

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    Molecular Weight (MW)324.35
    FormulaC18H17FN4O
    CAS No.934162-61-5
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 64 mg/mL (197.3 mM)
    Water:<1 mg/mL 
    Ethanol: <1 mg/mL
    Other info

    Chemical Name: (S)-2-(2-fluoro-4-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)phenyl)-1H-benzimidazole-4-carboxamide

    InChi Key: AHIVQGOUBLVTCB-AWEZNQCLSA-N

    InChi Code: InChI=1S/C18H17FN4O/c19-13-9-10(14-5-2-8-21-14)6-7-11(13)18-22-15-4-1-3-12(17(20)24)16(15)23-18/h1,3-4,6-7,9,14,21H,2,5,8H2,(H2,20,24)(H,22,23)/t14-/m0/s1

    SMILES Code: O=C(C1=C2N=C(C3=CC=C([[email protected]]4NCCC4)C=C3F)NC2=CC=C1)N

    SynonymsA-966492; A966492; A 966492.


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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: A-966492 is one of the most potent PARP inhibitors. A-966492 displays excellent potency against the PARP-1 enzyme with a Kiof 1 nM and an EC50 of 1 nM in a whole cell assay. A-966492 significantly enhances the efficacy of TMZ in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, A-966492 is orally bioavailable across multiple species, crosses the blood−brain barrier, and appears to distribute into tumor tissue. A-966492 represents a promising, structurally diverse benzimidazole analogue and is being further characterized preclinically.


    Kinase Assay: The enzyme assay is conducted in buffer containing 50 mM Tris, pH 8.0, 1 mM dithiothreitol(DTT), and 4 mM MgCl2. PARP reactions contains 1.5 μM [3H]-NAD+ (1.6 μCi/mmol), 200 nM biotinylated histone H1, 200 nM slDNA, and 1 nM PARP-1 or 4 nM PARP-2 enzyme. Autoreactions utilizing SPA bead-based detection are carried out in 100 μL volumes in white 96-well plates. Reactions are initiated by adding 50 μL of 2X NAD+ substrate mixture to 50 μL of 2× enzyme mixture containing PARP and DNA. These reactions are terminated by the addition of 150 μL of 1.5 mM benzamide (∼1 × 103-fold over its IC50). A 170 μL amount of the stopped reaction mixtures is transferred to streptavidin-coated Flash Plates, incubated for 1 hour, and counted using a TopCount microplate scintillation counter. Ki data are determined from inhibition curves at various substrate concentrations.


    Cell Assay: C41 cells are treated with A-966492 for 30 minutes in a 96-well plate. PARP are activated by damaging DNA with 1 mM H2O2 for 10 minutes. Cells are washed with ice-cold phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) once and fixed with prechilled methanol/acetone (7:3) at -20 °C for 10 minutes. After they are air-dried, plates are rehydrated with PBS and blocked using 5% nonfat dry milk in PBS-Tween(0.05%) (blocking solution) for 30 minutes at room temperature. Cells are incubated with anti-PAR antibody 10H (1:50) in blocking solution at room temperature for 60 minutes followed by washing with PBS-Tween20 five times, and incubation with goat antimouse fluorescein 5(6)-isothiocyanate (FITC)-coupled antibody (1:50) and 1 μg/mL 40,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) in blocking solution at room temperature for 60 minutes. After washing with PBS-Tween20 5 times, analysis is performed using an fmax Fluorescence Microplate Reader set at the excitation and emission wavelength for FITC or the excitation and emission wavelength for DAPI. PARP activity (FITC signal) is normalized with cell numbers (DAPI).

    In VivoA-966492 also demonstrates good in vivo efficacy in a B16F10 subcutaneous murine melanoma model in combination with temozolomide and in an MX-1 breast cancer xenograft model both as a single agent and in combination with carboplatin. In addition, A-966492 has excellent pharmaceutical properties and has demonstrated in vivo efficacy in preclinical mouse tumor models in combination with TMZ and carboplatin, as well as single agent activity in a BRCA1-deficient MX-1 tumor model. A-966492 is further characterized in Sprague−Dawley rats, beagle dogs, and cynomolgus monkeys, with A-966492 demonstrating oral bioavailabilities of 34−72% and half-lives of 1.7−1.9 hours. In vivo, A-966492 demonstrates significant enhancement of the efficacy of TMZ in a murine B16F10 syngeneic melanoma model, with the A-966492 combination groups showing superior efficacy.
    Animal modelB16F10 subcutaneous murine melanoma model
    Formulation & Dosages.c.
    References

    J Med Chem. 2010 Apr 22;53(8):3142-53


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

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