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    (-)-Dizocilpine Maleate [(-)-MK 801 maleate]
    (-)-Dizocilpine Maleate [(-)-MK 801 maleate]

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V1081
    CAS #: 121917-57-5 Purity ≥98%

    Description: (-)-Dizocilpine Maleate [also known as (-)-MK-801; MK801; MK 801], the maleate salt of dizocilpine, is a novel, potent, selective and non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist with potential to treat a wide range of neurodegenerative conditions or disorders in which NMDA receptors play an important role. Dizocilpine inhibits NMDA with a Ki of 30.5 nM, and shows potent anti-convulsant, anti-anxiolytic and sympathomimetic activities. MK 801 can penetrate into the central nervous system. In the in vitro assay, MK 801 binds to rat cerebral cortical membrane with high affinity in a saturable manner.

    References: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Sep;83(18):7104-8; J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2006 Oct;18(4):240-6.

    Related CAS#: 77086-22-7 [(+)-MK-801]; 77086-21-6 (free base) 

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    Molecular Weight (MW)337.37
    FormulaC20H19NO4
    CAS No.121917-57-5
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 67 mg/mL (198.6 mM)
    Water: <1 mg/mL
    Ethanol: 7 mg/mL (20.7 mM)
    Solubility (In vivo)30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol: 15 mg/mL
    SynonymsMK801; MK 801; Dizocilpine; MK-801; MK 801 Maleate


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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: Neurophysiological studies in vitro, using a rat cortical-slice preparation, demonstrates a potent, selective, and noncompetitive antagonistic action of dizocilpine on depolarizing responses to N-Me-D-Asp but not to kainate or quisqualate. The potencies of phencyclidine, ketamine, SKF 10047, and the enantiomers of dizocilpine as N-Me-D-Asp antagonists correlate closely (r = 0.99) with their potencies as inhibitors of [3H] dizocilpine binding. This suggests that the dizocilpine binding sites are associated with N-Me-D-Asp receptors and provides an explanation for the mechanism of action of dizocilpine as an anticonvulsant.


    Kinase Assay: For in vitro binding assays, cerebral cortices from male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-300 g) are homogenized in 9 volumes of ice-cold sucrose by nine strokes with a Teflon/glass homogenizer at 500 rpm. The homogenate is centrifuged for 10 min at 1000 x g, and the supernatant is recentrifuged at 10,000 x g for 20 min at 4 ℃. The pellet is suspended in assay buffer and incubated for 20 min prior to final centrifugation at 10,000 x g for 20 min at 4 ℃. The pellet is resuspended in assay buffer (70 ml per gram of original tissue). Binding of [3H] dizocilpine is measured by incubating 750 ul duplicate aliquots of this crude membrane suspension (=0.75 mg of protein) with 100 ul of buffer containing displacer or of buffer alone (total binding), 100 ul of 50 nM [3H] dizocilpine, and 50 ul of buffer for 60 min at 23 ℃. Nonspecific binding is defined by unlabeled dizocilpine. Incubation is terminated by rapid filtration through Whatman GF/B filters, which are washed immediately with two 5-ml portions of ice-cold assay buffer in a Brandel M 24-R cell harvester. The time required for the complete filtration and washing procedure is less than 10 sec. Radioactivity on the filters is determined by liquid scintillation counting in standard vials with 10 ml of Hydrofluor at 41% counting efficiency.


    Cell Assay: Primary mixed neuronal/glial cultures are prepared from fetal rat brains. Mature cultures are exposed to dissolved isoflurane [0.4 mM (1.8 minimum alveolar concentration) or 1.6 mM (7 minimum alveolar concentration)] or dizocilpine (10 μM), and NMDA (0 or 3 μM) at 37 ℃ for 30 minutes. Apoptosis is assessed using terminal-deoxy-nucleotidyl end-nick labeling oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and caspases-3 and -9 activation assays.

    In VivoAll the control rats have severe permanent neurological deficits after ischemic spinal cord injury (ISCI), whereas the dizocilpine–treated rats have statistically (P < .05) better neurological outcome and good recovery. Histopathology reveals severe neuronal necrosis in the lumbar gray matter of control rats, whereas dizocilpine–treated rats show mild injury. These results demonstrate that a single dose of dizocilpine given before ISCI provides significant neuroprotection.
    Animal model Ischemic spinal cord injury medel
    Formulation & Dosage1mg/kg; i.v. injection 
    References

    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Sep;83(18):7104-8; J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2006 Oct;18(4):240-6; Surg Neurol. 2005;64 Suppl 2:S22-6.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

    An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
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    Differential MK-801 block and recovery of NMDA-eEPSCs and NMDA-mEPSCs.
     
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    MK-801 block of NMDA-mEPSCs in hippocampal cultures.
     
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    Asynchronous release detected in the absence of synaptotagmin 1 or in strontium is resistant to MK-801 application at rest.


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