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    AG-490 (Tyrphostin B42; zinc0255794)
    AG-490 (Tyrphostin B42; zinc0255794)

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    This product is for research use only, not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
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    InvivoChem Cat #: V0322
    CAS #: 133550-30-8Purity ≥98%

    Description: AG-490 (also known as Tyrphostin B42; zinc-0255794) is a novel, potent and selective inhibitor of EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) with potential antitumor activities. It inhibits EGFR with an IC50 of 0.1 μM in cell-free assays, and shows 135-fold higher selectivity for EGFR over ErbB2. AG 490 also inhibits Janus kinase 2-JAK2 without inhibiting Lck, Lyn, Btk, Syk and Src.  

    References: Nature. 1996;379(6566):645-8; Mol Cancer Ther. 2002;1(11):893-9; Int Immunopharmacol. 2009;9(7-8):870-7.

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    Molecular Weight (MW)294.30
    FormulaC17H14N2O3
    CAS No.133550-30-8
    Storage-20℃ for 3 years in powder form
    -80℃ for 2 years in solvent
    Solubility (In vitro)DMSO: 59 mg/mL (200.5 mM)
    Water: <1 mg/mL
    Ethanol: 6 mg/mL (20.4 mM)
    Solubility (In vivo)1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80: 30 mg/mL 
    Synonyms

    Synonym: Zinc-0255794; Tyrphostin AG490; Zinc0255794; Zinc 0255794; Tyrphostin AG-490; AG 490; AG-490; AG490; Tyrphostin AG 490

    Chemical Name: (E)-N-benzyl-2-cyano-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)acrylamide

    InChi Key: TUCIOBMMDDOEMM-RIYZIHGNSA-N

    InChi Code: InChI=1S/C17H14N2O3/c18-10-14(8-13-6-7-15(20)16(21)9-13)17(22)19-11-12-4-2-1-3-5-12/h1-9,20-21H,11H2,(H,19,22)/b14-8+

    SMILES Code: O=C(NCC1=CC=CC=C1)/C(C#N)=C/C2=CC=C(O)C(O)=C2


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    In Vitro

    In vitro activity: AG-490 inhibits HER-2 driven cell proliferation with IC50 of 3.5 μM. Corresponding to the specific dose-dependent inhibition of constitutively activated JAK2 in pre-B acute leukemia (ALL) cells, AG-490 (5 μM) almost completely blocks the growth of all ALL cells by inducing programmed cell death, with no deleterious effect on normal hematopoiesis. AG-490 does not inhibit the activities of Lck, Lyn, Btk, Syk, and Src. AG-490 (60-100 μM) blocks the constitutive activation of Stat3sm, and inhibits spontaneous as well as interleukin 2-induced growth of mycosis fungoides (MF) tumor cells with IC50 values of 75 μM and 20 μM, respectively. AG-490 potently inhibits IL-2-mediated human T cell growth with an IC50 of 25 μM by blocking the activities of JAK3 and STAT5a/b. Although AG-490 alone has no effect on proliferation of FDrv210H cells at a concentration of 5 μM, AG-490 can synergize with STI571 to enhance its inhibitory effect on p210bcr-abl driven proliferation. AG-490 significantly inhibits the constitutive activation of Stat3 in MOPC, MPC11, and S194 cells, leading to dramatic dose-dependent apoptosis. AG-490 (100 μM) inhibits Akt phosphorylation, inhibits the activation of nuclear factor-κB, and causes the activation of GSK-3β, leading to the reduction of c-Myc. AG-490 (50 μM) can induce apoptosis of imatinib-resistant BaF3 cells expressing T315I and E255K mutants of Bcr-Abl. AG-490 at 30 μM inhibits not only Epo-induced phosphorylation of wild-type JAK2 but also constitutive phosphorylation of the JAK2 V617F mutant. AG-490 also potently inhibits cytokine-independent cell growth induced by the JAK2 V617F mutant in BaF3 cells.


    Kinase Assay: AG-490 is dissolved in DMSO 10%-H2O-ethanol 45%. Crude membrane extracts (0.125 μg/mL) are preactivated with EGF (20 nM) in 50 mM HEPES buffer, pH 7.6, and 125 mM NaCl, for 15 minutes at 4 °C. Autophosphorylation activity of EGFR or ErbB2 kinase is assayed at 4 °C for 30 seconds in V-shaped 96-well plates. Membrane extracts (8 μL) are added to each well containing reaction mixture (12 μL, 50mM, HEPES, pH 7.4,125 mM NaCl, 12 mM M8Ac2, 2 mM MnCl2, 1 mM NaVO3, 1 μM ATP, and 1 μCi[γ-32P]ATP, final concentrations) and increasing concentrations of AG-490 (4 μL). After termination by addition of hot sample buffer, the samples are run on a 6% SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis minigel, the gels dried, and autoradiography performed during the linear exposure time period. The receptor bands are scanned densitrometrically, and the results analyzed by the Ez-Fit program. For the analysis of autophosphorylation of JAK2, JAK2 is immunoprecipitated by using anti-JAK2 antibody from lysates of G2 cells pretreated for 16 hours with increasing concentrations of AG-490 (0-50 μM). Immune complexes are then immunoblotted with anti-phosphotyrosine antibody. A dose-dependent inhibition of in vitro kinase activity is demonstrated by assessing JAK2 autophosphorylation. 


    Cell Assay: Cells (Pre-B ALL) are exposed to different concentrations of AG-490 for 16 hours. For the determination of cell proliferation, [3H]tymidine (1 μCi) is added 6 hours or more before the cultures are terminated. Cells are then collected and samples counted in a liquid scintillation counter.

    In VivoAdministration of AG-490 drastically reduces the numbers of CD45+ and HLA-DR+ cells from 48 % and 46% in bone marrow of untreated mice, as well as 38% and 22% in the spleen of untreated mice to undetectale levels. In vivo administration of AG-490 causes murine myeloma tumor cell apoptosis but does not inhibit IL-12-mediated macrophage activation and IFN-γ production by lymphocytes. Consistent with the in vitro blocking of JAK2 V617F mutant activity, AG-490 treatment at 0.5 mg/day for 10 days effectively inhibits JAK2 V617F mutant-induced tumorigenesis and tumor cell invasion in nude mice. Combined therapy with AG-490 and IL-12 induces greater antitumor effects than either agent alone in a murine myeloma tumor model.
    Animal model SCID mice intravenously injected with ALL cells
    Formulation & Dosage Dissolved in DMSO; 0.85 mg to 0.5 mg daily; Continuous pump infusion and i.p. injection
    References

    Nature. 1996 Feb 15;379(6566):645-8; Mol Cancer Ther. 2002 Sep;1(11):893-9; Int Immunopharmacol. 2009 Jul;9(7-8):870-7.


    These protocols are for reference only. InvivoChem does not independently validate these methods.

    AG-490 (Tyrphostin B42)

    Stat3 is activated in murine myeloma/plasmacytoma cell lines, and AG-490 treatment inhibits Stat3 DNA-binding activity. Mol Cancer Ther. 2002 Sep;1(11):893-9.

    AG-490 (Tyrphostin B42)

    Administration of AG-490 inhibits activated Stat3, causes transient regression of murine myeloma/plasmacytoma tumors, and induces apoptosis of tumor cells in vivo. Mol Cancer Ther. 2002 Sep;1(11):893-9.

    AG-490 (Tyrphostin B42)

    rIL-12 prolongs the AG-490-mediated antitumor effect. Mol Cancer Ther. 2002 Sep;1(11):893-9.


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